1. nature

    flora

    The flora of each region is related to several factors such as climate and altitude. Up to 1.200 meters, the vegetation is very dense. It is anticipated that the forests of the park were originally dominated by oak. It is still possible to find some areas of original forest, particularly in the Forest of Albergaria, Forest of Cabril, Forest of Beredo and Forest of Ramiscal. 

    The forests can be divided into two distinct types: the Forest of Alvarinho oak and the forest of Pyrenean oak. The first occurs at low altitudes in hot valleys and sheltered. Here, apart from alvarinho oak, are the butcher's broom, the arbute and the azereiro, among others.  The forest of Pyrenean oak occurs in higher altitudes between 12.00 meters and 14.00 meters, the mountain called floor. Here, beyond the Pyrenean oak, can be found in the blueberries, holly, birch, the yew and pine. Above 1.400 meters remaining juniper tree and low shrubs.

    fauna

    The fauna of the park area is notable for the quantity and diversity of animals worthy of interest that it can be found, having been reported as 226 vertebrate species protected under the Berne Convention, of which 65 belong to the list of threatened species of the Red Book Portugal.

    In the National park, among many other species remains wild boar, fox, badger, otter, wildcat, the weasel, shrew-of-the-teeth red, marten and squirrel.  Also important to highlight the three species of bat under pressure greater horseshoe bat, lesser horseshoe bat and Mediterranean horseshoe bat. Other species of particular importance: the Iberian Shrew the European pine marten the wildcat, the gold-striped Salamander and the snub-nosed viper. The red squirrel whose habitat is restricted and marginal in continental Portugal, is another species that is common to the Park. Roe Deer, which are a symbol of the Park are encountered in prolific quantity, along the margins of the park, where they find shelter and food.  Meanwhile, other mammals, such as the population of gray wolf have collapsed with human encroachment, along with the golden eagle. Bears disappeared from the region in the 17th century and the extinct Portuguese ibex, locally known as Gerês goat, was last seen in the 1890. In this region, although it might vary throughout the year (given climate and season), approximately 36 species make their nests in the area. Of particular note in this park are the: Hen harrier, European Honey Buzzard, Common Snipe, Red-backed Shrike, Yellowhammer, Garden Warbler and Whinchat. Also important to highlight is the gold-striped salamander a species endemic to the northwest Iberian Peninsula, typically associated with mountainous areas with elevated precipitation.

     

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